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Belgium has three official languages: Dutch, French and German. A number of non-official minority languages are spoken as well.
French-speaking Belgians are often referred to as Walloons, although the French speakers in Brussels are not Walloons.
Total Dutch speakers are 6. Roughly 23, more German speakers live in municipalities near the official Community.
Both Belgian Dutch and Belgian French have minor differences in vocabulary and semantic nuances from the varieties spoken respectively in the Netherlands and France.
Many Flemish people still speak dialects of Dutch in their local environment. Walloon , considered either as a dialect of French or a distinct Romance language ,   is now only understood and spoken occasionally, mostly by elderly people.
Walloon is divided into four dialects, which along with those of Picard ,  are rarely used in public life and have largely been replaced by French.
Since the country's independence, Roman Catholicism , counterbalanced by strong freethought movements, has had an important role in Belgium's politics.
Roman Catholicism has traditionally been Belgium's majority religion; being especially strong in Flanders. According to the Eurobarometer , Non religious people comprised the Symbolically and materially, the Roman Catholic Church remains in a favourable position.
In the early s there were approximately 42, Jews in Belgium. The Jewish Community of Antwerp numbering some 18, is one of the largest in Europe, and one of the last places in the world where Yiddish is the primary language of a large Jewish community mirroring certain Orthodox and Hasidic communities in New York, New Jersey, and Israel.
In addition most Jewish children in Antwerp receive a Jewish education. This is particularly the case in eastern Wallonia and areas along the French border.
The largest group of immigrants in Belgium are Moroccans, with , people. The Turks are the third largest group, and the second largest Muslim ethnic group, numbering , The Belgians enjoy good health.
According to estimates, the average life expectancy is Death in Belgium is mainly due to heart and vascular disorders, neoplasms , disorders of the respiratory system and unnatural causes of death accidents, suicide.
Non-natural causes of death and cancer are the most common causes of death for females up to age 24 and males up to age Healthcare in Belgium is financed through both social security contributions and taxation.
Health insurance is compulsory. Health care is delivered by a mixed public and private system of independent medical practitioners and public, university and semi-private hospitals.
Health care service are payable by the patient and reimbursed later by health insurance institutions, but for ineligible categories of patients and services so-called 3rd party payment systems exist.
For the first time in Belgian history, the first child was euthanized following the 2 year mark of the removal of the euthanization age restrictions.
The child had been euthanized due to an incurable disease that was inflicted upon the child. Although there may have been some support for the euthanization there is a possibility of controversy due to the issue revolving around the subject of assisted suicide.
Education is compulsory from 6 to 18 years of age for Belgians. Mirroring the dual structure of the 19th-century Belgian political landscape, characterized by the Liberal and the Catholic parties , the educational system is segregated within a secular and a religious segment.
The secular branch of schooling is controlled by the communities, the provinces, or the municipalities, while religious, mainly Catholic branch education, is organized by religious authorities, although subsidized and supervised by the communities.
Despite its political and linguistic divisions , the region corresponding to today's Belgium has seen the flourishing of major artistic movements that have had tremendous influence on European art and culture.
Nowadays, to a certain extent, cultural life is concentrated within each language Community, and a variety of barriers have made a shared cultural sphere less pronounced.
Contributions to painting and architecture have been especially rich. The Mosan art , the Early Netherlandish ,  the Flemish Renaissance and Baroque painting  and major examples of Romanesque , Gothic , Renaissance and Baroque architecture  are milestones in the history of art.
While the 15th century's art in the Low Countries is dominated by the religious paintings of Jan van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden , the 16th century is characterized by a broader panel of styles such as Peter Breughel 's landscape paintings and Lambert Lombard 's representation of the antique.
The avant-garde CoBrA movement appeared in the s, while the sculptor Panamarenko remains a remarkable figure in contemporary art.
Belgian contributions to architecture also continued into the 19th and 20th centuries, including the work of Victor Horta and Henry van de Velde , who were major initiators of the Art Nouveau style.
The vocal music of the Franco-Flemish School developed in the southern part of the Low Countries and was an important contribution to Renaissance culture.
Contemporary popular music in Belgium is also of repute. Jazz musician Toots Thielemans and singer Jacques Brel have achieved global fame.
Nowadays, singer Stromae has been a musical revelation in Europe and beyond, having great success. In the heavy metal scene, bands like Machiavel , Channel Zero and Enthroned have a worldwide fan-base.
The poet and playwright Maurice Maeterlinck won the Nobel Prize in literature in Jacobs and Willy Vandersteen brought the Belgian cartoon strip industry a worldwide fame.
Belgian cinema has brought a number of mainly Flemish novels to life on-screen. Folklore plays a major role in Belgium's cultural life: Originated in and revived in the s, the Gentse Feesten have become a modern tradition.
Many highly ranked Belgian restaurants can be found in the most influential restaurant guides, such as the Michelin Guide.
Contrary to their name, french fries are claimed to have originated in Belgium, although their exact place of origin is uncertain.
The national dishes are " steak and fries with salad", and " mussels with fries ". Since the s, sports clubs and federations are organized separately within each language community.
Belgians hold the most Tour de France victories of any country except France. Philippe Gilbert is the world champion. Another modern well-known Belgian cyclist is Tom Boonen.
With five victories in the Tour de France and numerous other cycling records, Belgian cyclist Eddy Merckx is regarded as one of the greatest cyclists of all time.
Belgium hosted the European Football Championships , and co-hosted the European Championships with the Netherlands. Kim Clijsters and Justine Henin both were Player of the Year in the Women's Tennis Association as they were ranked the number one female tennis player.
Belgium also has a strong reputation in, motocross with the rider Stefan Everts. The Summer Olympics were held in Antwerp. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The flag's official proportions of The Brussels region is the de facto capital, but the City of Brussels municipality is the de jure capital.
Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, those who in their own language are called Celts, in ours Gauls, the third.
Of all these, the Belgae are the strongest Politics of Belgium and Belgian federal government. Philippe King of the Belgians since Charles Michel Prime Minister since Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium.
Foreign relations of Belgium. Science and technology in Brussels , Science and technology in Flanders , and Science and technology in Wallonia.
This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Distribution of languages of Belgium Dutch.
Belgium portal Brussels portal. Witt, Constanze Maria May Barbarians on the Greek Periphery? Retrieved 6 June In fact there are only six such bodies because the Flemish Region merged into the Flemish Community.
This single Flemish body thus exercises powers about Community matters in the bilingual area of Brussels-Capital and in the Dutch language area, while about Regional matters only in Flanders.
The ten municipalities with the highest reported income are: Archived from the original on 27 August Retrieved 15 July For a web source on this topic, see e.
Retrieved on 7 June The French word 'ducasse' refers also to a procession; the mentioned Processional Giants of Ath and Mons are part of each city's 'ducasse'.
Discrimination in the EU in Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 1 April Retrieved 13 August United Nations Development Programme.
Retrieved 14 September Belgian House of Representatives. Retrieved 10 September Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 18 June Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 21 June Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia.
Archived from the original on 31 October The capital of Belgium, Brussels, is an enclave within Flanders.
Archived from the original PDF on 26 June The country is divided into three autonomous regions: Dutch-speaking Flanders in the north, mostly French-speaking Brussels in the center as an enclave within Flanders and French-speaking Wallonia in the south, including the German-speaking Cantons de l'Est.
Archived from the original PDF on 31 October Brussels is a kind of enclave within Flanders—it has no direct link with Wallonia.
Rezension zu Review of Cook, Bernard: A History in German. FH-Zeitung journal of the Fachhochschule. Retrieved 24 May Howell's original phrase "the cockpit of Christendom" became modified afterwards, as shown by: Napier University's Business School.
Archived from the original on 11 May Cockpit of Europe, Belgium, as the scene of so many battles between the Powers of Europe.
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Archived PDF from the original on 7 November Retrieved 25 May Archived from the original on 24 September The article shows an example of Belgium's recent African policies.
Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 16 June Retrieved 28 May Where now for Belgium? Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 22 April How long can nations go without governments?
Retrieved 25 March Zweisprachigkeit in den Benelux-ländern in German. Zur prestige Sprache wurde in den Spanischen Niederlanden ganz eindeutig das Französische.
Die Vertreter Spaniens beherrschten normalerweise das Französische, nicht aber das Niederländische; ein beachtlicher Teil der am Hofe tätigen Adligen stammte aus Wallonien, das sich ja eher auf die spanische Seite geschlagen hatte als Flandern und Brabant.
In dieser Situation war es selbstverständlich, dass die flämischen Adligen, die im Laufe der Zeit immer mehr ebenfalls zu Hofbeamten wurden, sich des Französischen bedienen mussten, wenn sie als gleichwertig anerkannt werden wollten.
The prestigious language in the Spanish Netherlands was clearly French. Spain's representatives usually mastered French but not Dutch; a notable part of the nobles at the court came from Wallonia, which had taken party for the Spanish side to a higher extent than Flanders and Brabant.
It was therefore evident within this context that the Flemish nobility, of which a progressively larger number became servants of the court, had to use French, if it wanted to get acknowledged as well.
Political History of Belgium: Academic and Scientific Publishers. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. Retrieved 4 February Les nouvelles institutions politiques de la Belgique et de l'Europe.
Without including this post, the share of the federal government budget would be only Kazan Institute of Federalism.
Belgium is thus the only clear example of a transfer of a part of the "Foreign Affairs" competences to federated units.
Les nouvelles institutions de la Belgique et de l'Europe in French. Le Monde diplomatique in French. In organizing its autonomies, Belgium realized a World's First: Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved 15 June Retrieved 2 February CIA — The world factbook.
Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 5 October Archived from the original on 15 June Retrieved 12 June Belgium is the world leader in terms of export per capita and can justifiably call itself the 'world's largest exporter'.
Luxembourgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 30 September European Route of Industrial Heritage.
Archived from the original on 31 July European route of industrial heritage. The European subsistence crisis of — Retrieved 31 May The subsistance and industrial crisis of — in Flanders".
When the potato failed. Causes and effects of the 'last' European subsistance crisis, — Archived from the original PDF on 22 July Archived from the original on 8 May Archived from the original on 14 March Retrieved 19 May Archived from the original on 13 June National Bank of Belgium.
Archived from the original on 30 April Belgium makes place for urban enterprises. Retrieved 19 March Archived from the original PDF on 7 August OECD environmental performance reviews: Retrieved 23 February Archived from the original on 10 June Retrieved 17 May Dit meesterwerk was na de bijbel in die tijd het meest vertaalde boek.
Het werd gedurende meer dan een eeuw steeds weer heruitgegeven en gedurende meer dan twee eeuwen was het het meest gebruikte handboek over kruiden in West-Europa.
Het is een werk van wereldfaam en grote wetenschappelijke waarde. De nieuwe gedachten die Dodoens erin neerlegde, werden de bouwstenen voor de botanici en medici van latere generaties.
This masterpiece was, after the Bible, the most translated book in that time. It continued to be republished for more than a century and for more than two centuries it was the mostly used referential about herbs.
It is a work with world fame and great scientific value. The new thoughts written down by Dodoens, became the building bricks for botanists and physicians of later generations.
Retrieved 11 May Although he did not invent decimals they had been used by the Arabs and the Chinese long before Stevin's time he did introduce their use in mathematics in Europe.
The importance of A. Vesalius' publication 'de humani corporis fabrica libri septem' cannot be overestimated. American Journal of Nephrology.
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American Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 9 December Archived from the original on 3 December Archived from the original on 25 June British chamber of commerce in Belgium.
Archived from the original PDF on 29 April Retrieved 7 January Retrieved 31 August Add to lightbox Login or Register!
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