Das ägyptische Totenbuch (Originaltitel Heraustreten in das Tageslicht oder Buch vom Am Ende wird Hunefer, der bestanden hat, von Horus dem Osiris präsentiert, der in seinem Schrein mit Isis und Nephthys sitzt. Sein Thron . Band Joris F. Borghouts: Book of the Dead : from shouting to structure. , ISBN. Awakening Osiris: The Egyptian Book of the Dead | Normandi Ellis | ISBN: And so it should be, for the story of Isis and Osiris and Horus and Set and Nephthys. In der Übersetzung, die Th. G. Allen, Book of the Dead, 1 13 dort vom gleichen Papyrus gibt, lautet der Satz der Z. 4 bei ihm dann: „Osiris N is the eye of Horus.".
Horus Book Of The Dead VideoTHE BIBLE VS. THE BOOK OF THE DEAD!
Originally he was the god of the earth, and is called both the father of the gods, and the " erpa i. In many places he is called the "great cackler" and he was supposed to have laid the egg from which the world sprang.
Already in the pyramid texts he has become a god of the dead by virtue of representing the earth wherein the deceased was laid.
Ausar or Osiris , the sixth member of the company of the gods of Annu, was the son of Seb and Nut, and the husband of his sister Isis, the father of "Horus, the son of Isis," and the brother of Set and Nephthys.
The version of his sufferings and death by Plutarch has been already described see p. Whatever may have been the foundation of the legend, it is pretty certain that his character as a god of the dead was well defined long before the versions of the pyramid texts known to us were written, and the only important change which took place in the views of the Egyptians concerning him in later days was the ascription to him of the attributes which in the early dynasties were regarded as belonging only to Ra or to Ra-Tmu.
Originally Osiris was a form of the sun-god, and, speaking generally, he may be said to have represented the sun after he had set, and as such was the emblem of the motionless dead; later texts identify him with the moon.
The Egyptians asserted that he was the father of the gods who had given him birth, and, as he was the god both of yesterday and of to-day, he became the type of eternal existence and the symbol of immortality; as such he usurped not only the attributes of Ra, but those of every other god, and at length he was both the god of the dead and the god of the living.
As judge of the dead he was believed to exercise functions similar to those attributed to God. Alone among all the many gods of Egypt, Osiris was chosen as the type of what the deceased hoped to become when, his body having been mummified in the prescribed way, and ceremonies proper to the occasion having been performed and the prayers said, his glorified body should enter into his presence in heaven; to him as "lord of eternity," by which title as judge of the dead he was commonly addressed, the deceased appealed to make his flesh to germinate and to save his body from decay.
A very complete series of illustrations of the forms of Osiris is given by Lanzone in his Dizionario , tavv. The ceremonies connected with the celebration of the events of the sufferings, the death and the resurrection of Osiris occupied a very prominent part in the religious observances of the Egyptians, and it seems as if in the month of Choiak a representation of.
Loret in Recueil de Travaux , tom. A perusal of this work explains the signification of many of the ceremonies connected with the burial of the dead, the use of amulets, and certain parts of the funeral ritual; and the work in this form being of a late date proves that the doctrine of immortality, gained through the god who was "lord of the heavens and of the earth, of the underworld and of the waters, of the mountains, and of all which the sun goeth round in his course," had remained unchanged for at least four thousand years of its existence.
Auset or Isis , the seventh member of the company of the gods of Annu, was the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus; her woes have been described both by Egyptian and Greek writers.
The animal sacred to her was the cow, hence she sometimes wears upon her head the horns of that animal accompanied by plumes and feathers.
In one aspect she is identified with the goddess Selk or Serq, and she then has upon her head a scorpion, the emblem of that goddess; in another aspect she is united to the star Sothis, and then a star is added to her crown.
As a nature goddess she is seen standing in the boat of the sun, and she was probably the deity of the dawn. Heru or Horus , the sun-god, was originally a totally distinct god from Horus, the son of Osiris and Isis, but from the earliest times it seems that the two gods were confounded, and that the attributes of the one were ascribed to the other; the fight which Horus the sun-god waged against night and darkness was also at a very early period identified with the combat between Horus, the son of.
Isis, and his brother Set. The visible emblem of the sun-god was at a very early date the hawk is, which was probably the first living thing worshipped by the early Egyptians; already in the pyramid texts the hawk on a standard is used indiscriminately with to represent the word "god.
Horus , the son of Osiris and Isis, appears in Egyptian texts usually as Heru-p-khart, " Horus the child," who afterwards became the "avenger of his father Osiris," and occupied his throne, as we are told in many places in the Book of the Dead.
In the pyramid texts the deceased is identified with Heru-p-khart, and a reference is made to the fact that the god is always represented with a finger in his mouth.
A very interesting figure of this god represents him holding his eyes in his hands; see Lanzone, op. Set or Sutekh the eighth member of the company of the gods of Annu, was the son of Seb and Nut, and the husband of his sister Nephthys.
The worship of this god is exceedingly old, and in the pyramid texts we find that be is often mentioned with Horus and the other gods of the Heliopolitan company in terms of reverence.
He was also believed to perform friendly offices for the deceased, and to be a god of the Sekhet-Aaru, or abode of the blessed dead.
He is usually depicted in human form with the head of an animal which has not yet been identified; in later times the head of the ass was confounded with it, but the figures of the god in bronze which are preserved in the British Museum and elsewhere prove beyond a doubt that the head of Set is that of an animal unknown to us.
In the early dynasties he was a beneficent god, and one whose favour was sought after by the living and by the dead, and so late as the XIXth dynasty kings delighted to call themselves "beloved of Set.
Originally Set, or Sut, represented the natural night and was the opposite of Horus; that Horus and Set were opposite aspects or forms of the same god is proved by the figure given by Lanzone Dizionario , tav.
The natural opposition of the day and night was at an early period confounded with the battle which took place between Horus, the son of Isis, and Set, wherein Isis intervened, and it seems that the moral idea of the battle of right against wrong became attached to the latter combat, which was undertaken by Horus to avenge his father's murder by Set.
Nebt-het or Nephthys the last member of the company of the gods of Annu, was the daughter of Seb and Nut, the sister of Osiris and Isis, and the.
In the pyramid of Unas, l. When the sun rose at the creation out of the primeval waters, Nephthys occupied a place in his boat with Isis and other deities; as a nature goddess she either represents the day before sunrise or after sunset, but no portion of the night.
She is depicted in the form of a woman, having upon her head the hieroglyphics which form her name, "lady of the house". A legend preserved by Plutarch makes her the mother of Anpu or Anubis by Osiris.
In Egyptian texts Anpu is called the son of Ra. Anpu , or Anubis, the son of Osiris or Ra, sometimes by Isis and sometimes by Nephthys, seems to represent as a nature god either the darkest part of the twilight or the earliest dawn.
He is depicted either in human form with a jackal's head, or as a jackal. In the legend of Osiris and Isis, Anubis played a prominent part in connexion with the dead body of Osiris, and in papyri we see him standing as a guard and protector of the deceased lying upon the bier; in the judgment scene he is found as the guard of the balance, the pointer of which he watches with great diligence.
He became the recognized god of the sepulchral chamber, and eventually presided over the whole of the "funeral Mountain. Another form of Anubis was the god Ap-uat , the of the pyramid texts, or "Opener of the ways," who also was depicted in the form of a jackal; and the two gods are often confounded.
Among the primeval gods are two, Hu and Saa who are seen in the boat of the sun at the creation. They are the children of Tmu or Tmu-Ra, but the exact part which they play as nature gods has not yet, it seems, been satisfactorily made out.
The first mention of them in the pyramid texts records their subjugation by the deceased, but in the Theban Book of the Dead.
Tehuti or Thoth represented the divine intelligence which at creation uttered the words that were carried into effect by Ptah and Khnemu. He was self produced, and was the great god of the earth, air, sea and sky; and he united in himself the attributes of many gods.
He was the scribe of the gods, and, as such, he was regarded as the inventor of all the arts and sciences known to the Egyptians; some of his titles are "lord of writing," "master of papyrus," "maker of the palette and the ink-jar," "the mighty speaker," "the sweet tongued"; and the words and compositions which he recited on behalf of the deceased preserved the latter from the influence of hostile powers and made him invincible in the "other world.
As the chronologer of heaven and earth, he became the god of the moon; and as the reckoner of time, he obtained his name Tehuti , i.
When the great combat took place between Horus, the son of Isis, and Set, Thoth was present as judge, and he gave to Isis the cow's head in the place of her own which was cut off by Horus in his rage at her interference; having reference to this fact he is called Ap-rehui, "The judge of the two combatants.
It has been thought that there were two gods called Thoth, one being a form of Shu; but the attributes belonging to each have not yet been satisfactorily defined.
Maat , the wife of Thoth, was the daughter of Ra, and a very ancient goddess; she seems to have assisted Ptah and Khnemu in carrying out rightly the work of creation ordered by Thoth.
There is no one word which will exactly describe the Egyptian conception of Maat both from a physical and from a moral point of view; but the fundamental idea of the word is " straight," and from the Egyptian texts it is clear that maat meant right, true, truth, real, genuine, upright, righteous, just, steadfast, unalterable, etc.
Thus already in the Prisse papyrus it is said, "Great is maat , the mighty and unalterable, and it hath never been broken since the time of Osiris," and Ptah-hetep counsels his listener to "make maat , or right and truth, to germinate.
Het-heru , or Hathor the "house of Horus," was the goddess of the sky wherein Horus the sun-god rose and set.
Subsequently a great number of goddesses of the same name were developed from her, and these were identified with Isis, Neith, Iusaset, and many other goddesses whose attributes they absorbed.
A group of seven Hathors is also mentioned, and these appear to have partaken of the nature of good fairies. In one form Hathor was the goddess of love, beauty,.
The various meanings of maat are illustrated by abundant passages from Egyptian texts by Brugsch, Wörterbuch Suppl. Often she has the form of a cow--the animal sacred to her--and in this form she appears as the goddess of the tomb or Ta-sertet, and she provides meat and drink for the deceased.
Meht-urt is the personification of that part of the sky wherein the sun rises, and also of that part of it in which he takes his daily course; she is depicted in the form of a cow, along the body of which the two barks of the sun are seen sailing.
Already in the pyramid texts we find the attribute of judge ascribed to Meh-urt, and down to a very late date the judgment of the deceased in the hall of double Maat in the presence of Thoth and the other gods was believed to take place in the abode of Meh-urt.
Net or Neith , "the divine mother, the lady of heaven, the mistress of the gods," was one of the most ancient deities of Egypt, and in the pyramid texts she appears as the mother of Sebek.
In one form she was the goddess of the loom and shuttle, and also of the chase; in this aspect she was identified by the Greeks with Athene.
She is depicted in the form of a woman, having upon her head the shuttle or arrows, or she wears the crown and holds arrows, a bow, and a sceptre in her left hand; she also appears in the form of a cow.
She was the personification of the burning heat of the sun, and as such was the destroyer of the enemies of Ra and Osiris.
When Ra determined to punish mankind with death, because they scoffed at him, he sent Sekhet, his "eye," to perform the work of vengeance; illustrative of this aspect of her is a figure wherein she is depicted with the sun's eye for a head.
A good set of illustrations of this goddess will be found in Lanzone, op. Bast , according to one legend, was the mother of Nefer-Tmu. She was the personification of the gentle and fructifying heat of the sun, as opposed to that personified by Sekhet.
The cat was sacred to Bast, and the goddess is usually depicted cat-headed. The most famous seat of her worship was the city of Bubastis, the modern Tell Basta, in the Delta.
Nefer-Tmu was the son either of Sekhet or Bast, and he personified some form of the sun's heat. Neheb-ka is the name of a goddess who is usually represented with the head of a serpent, and with whom the deceased identifies himself.
Sebak a form of Horus the sun-god, must be distinguished from Sebak the companion of Set, the opponent of Osiris; of each of these gods the crocodile was the sacred animal, and for this reason probably the gods themselves were confounded.
Sebak-Ra, the lord of Ombos, is usually depicted in human form with the head of a crocodile, surmounted by , , or , or. Amsu or Amsi is one of the most ancient gods of Egypt.
He personified the power of generation, or the reproductive force of nature; he was the "father of his own mother," and was identified with "Horus the mighty," or with Horus the avenger of his father Un-nefer or Osiris.
He is depicted usually in the form of a man standing upon; and he has upon his head the plumes and holds the flail in his right hand, which is raised above his shoulder.
Neb-er-tcher , a name which originally implied the "god of the universe," but which was subsequently given to Osiris, and indicated the god after the completed reconstruction of his body, which had been hacked to pieces by Set.
Un-nefer a name of Osiris in his capacity of god and judge of the dead in the underworld. Some make these words to mean the "good being," and others the "beautiful hare.
Mert or Mer-sekert the lover of silence," is a name of Isis or Hathor as goddess of the underworld. She is depicted in the form of a woman, having a disk and horns upon her head.
Serq or Selk is a form of the goddess Isis. She is usually depicted in the form of a woman, with a scorpion upon her head; occasionally she appears as a scorpion with a woman's head surmounted by disk and horns.
Ta-urt , the Thoueris of the Greeks, was identified as the wife of Set or Typhon; she is also known under the names Apt and Sheput.
Her common titles are "mistress of the gods and "bearer of the gods". She is depicted in the form of a hippopotamus standing on her hind legs, with distended paunch and hanging breasts, and one of her forefeet rests upon ; sometimes she has the head of a woman, but she always wears the disk, horns, and plumes.
Uatchit was a form of Hathor, and was identified with the appearance of the sky in the north when the sun rose. Beb , Bebti , Baba , or Babu , mentioned three times in the Book of the Dead, is the "firstborn son of Osiris," and seems to be one of the gods of generation.
Hapi is the name of the great god of the Nile who was worshipped in Egypt under two forms, i. From the earliest times the Nile was regarded by the Egyptians as the source of all the prosperity of Egypt, and it was honoured as being the type of the life-giving waters out of the midst of which sprang the gods and all created things.
In turn it was identified with all the gods of Egypt, new or old, and its influence was so great upon the minds of the Egyptians that from the earliest days they depicted to themselves a material heaven wherein the Isles of the Blest were laved by the waters of the Nile, and the approach to which was by the way of its stream as it flowed to the north.
Others again lived in imagination on the banks of the heavenly Nile, whereon they built cities; and it seems as if the Egyptians never succeeded in conceiving a heaven without a Nile and canals.
The Nile is depicted in the form of a man, who wears upon his head a clump of papyrus or lotus flowers; his breasts are those of a woman, indicating fertility.
Lanzone reproduces an interesting scene in which the north and south Nile gods are tying a papyrus and a lotus stalk around the emblem of union to indicate the unity of Upper and Lower Egypt, and this emblem is found cut upon the thrones of the kings of Egypt to indicate their sovereignty over the regions traversed by the South and North Niles.
It has already been said that Hapi was identified with all the gods in turn, and it follows as a matter of course that the attributes of each were ascribed to him; in one respect, however he is different from them all, for of him it is written.
In the pyramid texts we find a group of four gods with whom the deceased is closely connected in the "other world"; these are the four "children of Horus" whose names are given in the following order: Each was supposed to be lord of one of the quarters of the world, and finally became the god of one of the cardinal points.
Hapi represented the north, Tuamautef the east, Amset the south, and Qebhsennuf the west. For the hieratic text from which this extract is taken see Birch, Select Papyri , pll.
With these four gods four goddesses were associated, viz. Connected with the god Horus are a number of mythological beings called Heru shesu  or shemsu , as some read it , who appear already in the pyramid of Unas in connection with Horus and Set in the ceremony of purifying and "opening the mouth"; and in the pyramid of Pepi I.
You can't know who "stole" or knew the story first. You can know if Jesus was the Christ, if you really sincerely want to know, by praying and asking God.
Somebody didn't do their homework Jesus is foretold in Jewish scriptures, Isaiah 7: Was Daniel a false prophet or was Jesus the Messiah or was someone else the Messiah?
Are all the writings of the New testament frauds or were the eyewitnesses of Jesus' resurrection telling the truth? Does it make more sense that all of the historical documentation is a conspiracy executed over thousands of years to defraud the masses, or someone is fishing for excuses to not believe because You are citing, indirectly no doubt, the ramblings of a discredited Victorian Era eccentric, Gerald Massey.
There is no substantiation of any of the non-trivial claims. Under no circumstances would anyone familiar with Egyptian Mythology ever use the word "Virgin" to describe Isis.
Isis was a co-equal god with her husband, and twin brother, Osiris, the father of Horus, and in some versions of the myth Isis and Osiris had ceased to be virgins in the womb.
They tend to copy paganism and try to claim that it's the only "true religion" People don't know the real history and deny it because it's "wrong" in their religion and the ones that know it's rooted in paganism usually don't celebrate it.
Christmas was the Winter Solstice, which was the birth of the Sun God and Easter is the fertility festival which is why there's bunnies and eggs.
I went to Catholic school for 5 years, I've read the Bible and I've done a lot of research on this subject and this is what I've drawn my conclusions to.
It just didn;t happen. Yea, people are strange, I used to study the Necronomicon at Miskatonic University, it's a good read. I'm not religious, but there is a possibility you didn't consider: It is said that God has offered every race the chance to accept Jesus.
People have often complained that Christianity is new and that because of this, there was no chance for other peoples, that Jesus didn't come for them, and are they destined for Hell because of it.
What if Jesus DID come? Just not by that name? Goodness, did you just prove Christianity's point?
Related Questions Why does jesus from the bible and Horus from the egyptian book of the dead have the same story? Was the story of Jesus copied from the Book of the Dead?
Why does the Jesus story seem to copy the Egyptian one of Horus? Why does the story of Jesus seem to mirror that of Horus?
The Jesus story in the Bible is a recycled version of the Horus story? Answer Questions It's time once again, atheists. Are you ready to play Are You Joking?